When kidney disease patient requires a special, it is difficult diet. The course and type of diet influenced many reasons that can only identify the attending physician, by a careful diagnosis. First you need to find out how kidneys work, the amount allocated to the concentration of urea in the blood, do not know whether the problems in the circulatory system. The doctor should determine – can be called a disease of acute or chronic. In this analysis, the doctor can choose the most suitable diet, determining the daily intake of protein, fluids and salts.
When kidney disease diet is one of the most important therapeutic agents. Despite all the difficulties, you can find it in some common features with other diets. It should be primarily physiological, the patient needed to deliver the energy balance of nutrients in the body to ensure the construction of new, instead of outdated and cells, preserving the acid-base balance and resistance to infection.
Energy demand of the body, measured in calories, due to age, sex, physiological status, lifestyle and nature of human activity. Sick, bedridden, require a different number of calories than those who lead a normal life and is engaged in labor. In the first case holds a diet with 1500-2000 calories, while patients who continue to work, must be fed according to the nature of their work.
Particular attention should be given full protein, it is animal protein. More recently, when kidney disease, especially during an exacerbation, it was recommended to be excluded. Today this practice, both from the insolvent, refused. Nevertheless, there is a danger, despite the doctor’s orders, changes in protein-free diet in older patients by force of habit. Kidney tissue can not recover without the full protein in the diet. If you allow the patient, the doctor may recommend a diet containing 1 g of protein per 1kg of body weight, or an average of about 50 – 70 g in the daily diet. In particularly severe cases, the protein may be temporarily limited to 30 – 40 grams per day. It is obvious that such a decision can take only the treating physician.
Foods containing protein, should be easily assimilated by the body. This milk, curd, curd cheese, eggs, lean meat, poultry and fish. You should avoid smoked sausages. An exception can only make low-fat boiled ham, ham and sausages, they do not contain spices. We must also abandon the oil-rich fish and smoked cheese.
This diet does not restrict fat intake, but preference should be given easily digestible, such as butter, cream, sour cream, vegetable oil (olive, soybean, sunflower). Excludes lard, lard, bacon and margarine. Patients usually do not tolerate too much fatty food. Diet does not restrict intake of carbohydrates.
Renal Diet Nutrition
Often, patients with no appetite. Therefore it is necessary to cook food thoroughly, delicious, beautifully kept. As a seasoning, you can use lemon juice, chives, parsley and fennel, rose hips concentrate, salt and canned cucumbers and tomatoes. Hot spices – pepper, vinegar, mustard – are excluded.
To ensure that the acid-alkaline balance necessary for normal body functioning, the patient should receive a day not less than 600 grams of fruit and vegetables, excluding potatoes. At the same time provided the necessary amounts of vitamins, especially vitamin C and provitamin A.
In modern renal salt diet limited by doctor’s recommendation. It should not, however, overdo dishes. Categorically excluded all alcoholic beverages.
Diet for kidney disease should contain all the necessary nutritional components and easily assimilated. It should therefore be used sparingly (sparing) diet and given a doctor’s recommendation, to adapt it to the state of the patient.